A bladder and urinary tract infection (UTI), also known as acute cystitis, is most common in women and are the second most common type of infection in the body.
Acute cystitis is an infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder or urethra. Two types of acute cystitis include uncomplicated (occurring in premenopausal, nonpregnant women and those with no underlying conditions) and complicated (occurring in those with underlying conditions). Although they can occur to people of any age or sex, UTIs are about four times more common in women than men because they have a shorter urethra, which means bacteria doesn’t have to travel as far to reach the bladder.
Occurring in patients who have a normal, unobstructed genitourinary tract, uncomplicated cystitis is most common in young, sexually active women.
Some underlying conditions include diabetes, symptoms that last 7 days or longer, renal failure, functional or anatomic abnormalities of the urinary tract, renal transplantation an indwelling catheter stent, or immunosuppression.
Urinary Tract Infection Causes and Symptoms
The urinary system removes waste and extra water from our body and includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. UTIs are most often caused by bacteria that enters the urethra (a tube that allows urine to pass from the bladder to the outside) and travels into the bladder. Bacteria may come from the lower intestines, the rectal area or skin.
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:
• pain or burning with urination
• urinary frequency and urgency
• pressure and pain in the pubic area
• urine with a strong odor or cloudy appearance
If you think you have a urinary tract infection, it is important to visit your doctor who can administer a urine test to see if you have a UTI.
Prevention and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections
Prevention for urinary tract infections include drinking plenty of water to flush out bacteria and keeping the ureter area clean by wiping from front to back. Additionally, empty your bladder soon after intercourse and avoid irritating feminine products.
The treatment most commonly prescribed for urinary tract infections is antibiotics. The prescribed medication and duration of treatment will depend on the type of bacterium that caused the infection and patient medical history. Most symptoms usually clear up within a few days, but it is critical to continue the entire course of treatment or the infection could return. Recurring UTIs will require stronger antibiotics.
When to Visit eMedical Urgent Care
If your symptoms last more than a day, visit our walk-in clinic for a quick test and diagnosis; our emergency medicine physicians provide urgent medical care to both adults and children with convenient hours designed to fit your busy schedule. Learn more about our services and how we can treat you and your family by calling our location in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey (908) 464-6700, or Middletown, New Jersey (732) 957-0707.