DOT physicals, also known as a “medical fitness for duty” exams, are required in order to operate a commercial vehicle. The purpose of this test is to check the individual’s current health, both physical and mental, to determine fitness for work and if they are “fit enough” to drive safely now (and in the foreseeable future).
Requirements for DOT Physicals
According to the Motor Vehicle Commission, below are the basic requirements for passing the DOT physical exam.
- With or without vision corrections, each eye, as well as both eyes combined, need to have 20/40 vision.
- Ability to distinguish color is necessary.
- Should be able to perceive a forced whisper at a distance of at least 5 feet.
- Blood pressure has to be lower than 160/100. Prescription medication to control blood pressure is permitted.
- An applicant can have diabetes which is controlled through diet or medication. Diabetes which is controlled through insulin injections is not permitted
- The maximum level of blood sugar an applicant is allowed to have is 200.
- Use of schedule 1 drugs is strictly disallowed
- If you are currently diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease such as collapse, congestive cardiac failure or cardiac insufficiency, then you will have to provide the Medical Examiner with a stress test as well as a note from your physician stating that you are able to drive a commercial motor vehicle without restrictions.
Most Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMV) drivers are required to take a DOT physical exam every 2 years to maintain their DOT medical certificate. Read more about DOT Compliance and Health Screenings on our blog.
To prepare for your appointment, make sure to bring a valid driver’s license, eye glasses or contact lenses, list of medications (and prescribing doctor contact information) and be prepared to give a urine sample. The doctor will review your health history with you and conduct a thorough physical examination.
Some friendly reminders:
- Get a good night’s sleep so you’re well rested.
- Take your medications as usual (bring all medications in original bottles to the DOT physical to show the doctor).
- If you have high blood pressure, lay off the coffee and energy drinks. Caffeine can raise blood pressure which could turn a non-hypertensive driver into a restricted one…or disqualified.
- Reduce your use of nicotine as much as possible to help lower blood pressure readings.
- Drink plenty of water (remember that urine test?)
- Get past the “white coat” syndrome, remember that we’re here to help you. Take a deep breath and just relax.
Employee Medical Care that Works
Looking for walk-in DOT physicals in NJ? At eMedical, we do DOT physicals quickly, accurately and hassle-free. No appointment necessary; walk-ins are always welcome!
We’re here to support your business as a full-service, physician-staffed resource. Your employees will receive the same quality care they’d receive at an emergency room – without the long wait and expense. eMedical Urgent Care offers various workplace health services, such as DOT physicals, for employers, which meet the regulations for all drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs). View our employer brochure for more information or call our location in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey at (908) 464-6700, or Middletown, New Jersey at (732) 957-0707. We welcome you to walk in, get your exam and be on your way.